Nueva Vizcaya -Watershed Haven Of The Valley

Nueva Vizcaya
Nueva Vizcaya (Ilocano: Probinsia ti Nueva Vizcaya [Baro nga Biscaya]; Tagalog: Lalawigan ng Nueva Vizcaya) is a province of the Philippines located in the region of Cagayan Valley in Luzon. Its capital is Bayombong. It is bordered by Benguet to the west, Ifugao to the north, Isabela to the northeast, Quirino to the east, Aurora to the southeast, Nueva Ecija to the south, and Pangasinan to the southwest. Quirino province was created from 1966.

Brief Description

Nueva Vizcaya is Located around 268 north of Metro Manila, the region is named to be the new elective objective for outdoors and condition fans. Pondered a watershed asylum, it is 70 percent forestlands.

The chronicled setting of Nueva Vizcaya could regardless be reflected from the lifestyle and customs of its underlying pioneers, which consolidated the Ilongots (by and by called Bugkalots), Igorots, Ifugaos, Isinais, and Gaddangs. The immersion of human progression and the implantation of present-day advancement to the lifestream of the district provoked various pilgrims from the bordering domains, essentially Ilocanos, Tagalogs, Pangasinenses, Kapampangans, among others.


The population of Nueva Vizcaya in the 2015 census was 452,287 people,with a density of 110 inhabitants per square kilometre or 280 inhabitants per square mile.


the Sierra Madre on the east, Caraballo on the south, and Cordillera on the west. The territory has a couple of head conduits: Magat, Matuno, Marang, Sta. Fe, and Sta. Cruz. All of these conduits are tributaries of the Magat River which streams into the Cagayan River. The domain is constrained on the north and upper east by the area of Ifugao and Isabela, on the east and southeast by Quirino and Aurora, on the south by Nueva Ecija, and on the west by Benguet and Pangasinan.

Political Subdivision

The locale is considered as one congressional territory and has 15 regions and 274 barangays. Bayombong is the ordinary capital while Solano and Kayapa are it’s the same old thing and summer capital, independently.


The year 2000 enlistment of people for Nueva Vizcaya was selected at 366,692.


The vast majority of the people speak Ilocano, including 66.9 percent of nuclear families.


Nueva Vizcaya is tolerably dry from November to April and for the most part wet during the rest of the year. The most extraordinary temperature ranges from 22-25 degrees Celsius. December and January are the coldest months when the temperature tumbles to around 20 degrees Celsius while the most sweltering months are April and May. Nueva Vizcaya is normally suggested as bog Baguio because of its brilliant environment .


The region has basically a cultivating economy with business, trade, and industry adding to its advancement and improvement. Among other major financial activities are developing and steers and swine raising. Fundamental yields are palay and corn. Minor yields are root harvests, vegetables, and natural items. The domain produces quality onions and vegetables every now and again sold in Metro Manila. Oranges and mangoes are by and by huge harvests being conveyed fresh to Asian countries.

Nueva Vizcaya History

The territory of Nueva Vizcaya was named after the people living in the shore of Mar de Vizcaine in Spain. Close to the beginning of the nineteenth century, it was a bit of the colossal “Territorio de Missiones” of the Spanish-controlled governing body of Cagayan, covering the eastern bit of Northern Luzon from Nueva Vizcaya to Aparri including the Batanes Islands.

On May 24, 1839, Governor Luis Lardizabal, upon the direction of the Alcalde Mayor of Cagayan, gave a solicitation making Nueva Vizcaya as an alternate politico-military region. The solicitation was embraced by a Royal Decree on April 10, 1841. Congressperson Pedro Menchaca was the essential chosen agent. The domain had its first taste of normal government in 1902 when it was revised by the Philippine Commission.

The present district of Nueva Vizcaya was the result of changes emanating from the customary creation of the region of Isabela in May 1856, wherein an unimaginable piece of its northern area was given up to them as of late considered domain.

The relationship of the district of Ifugao in 1908 further diminished the zone of Nueva Vizcaya which needed to give up its northwest locale. The investigation executed by the Bureau of Lands in 1914 caused the lessening of its region eventually upon the foundation of the Administrative Code of 1917.

Finally, in 1971, with the section of Republic Act No. 6394, Quirino, by then a sub-district of Nueva Vizcaya, was disconnected from its mother locale and made into an ordinary area. In any case, even with removes of land offered to new rising areas, the locale of Nueva Vizcaya still holds a wide district today.


Agriculture is the main industry in the province, together with rice, corn, fruits and vegetables as major crops. Nueva Vizcaya is a major producer of citrus crops in the country, principally pomelo, ponkan and oranges. The Nueva Vizcaya Agricultural Terminal in Bambang supplies the demand of neighboring provinces and Metro Manila. There is a mining industry in the province which added to the provincial income,According to the Mines and Geosciences Bureau, deposits of metallic minerals discovered in the province are copper, gold, molybdenum and pyrite. Non-metallic deposits include red clay, white clay and limestone, with sand and gravel being the most abundant deposits in the province.

On January 11, 2008, the Cagayan Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources (BFAR) stated that tilapia (species of cichlid fishes from the tilapiine cichlid tribe) production grew and Cagayan Valley is now the Philippines’ tilapia capital (Saint Peter’s fish). Production supply grew 37.25% since 2003, with 14,000 metric tons (MT) in 2007. The recent aquaculture congress found that the growth of tilapia production was due to government interventions: provision of fast-growing species, accreditation of private hatcheries to ensure supply of quality fingerlings, establishment of demonstration farms, providing free fingerlings to newly constructed fishponds, and the dissemination of tilapia to Nueva Vizcaya (in Diadi town).


  • Saint Mary’s University in Bayombong
  • Aldersgate College in Solano
  • Sierra College in Bayombong
  • PLT College, Inc. in Bayombong
  • King’s Colleges of the Philippines in Bambang

Other School’s Include

  • Saint Mary’s School of Dupax
  • Saint Teresitas’s Academy of Aritao
  • Dupax Del Norte National High school
  • Dupax Del Sur National High School
  • Saint Catherine of Siena